Russian words
Here are some useful Russian words, sentences, phrases and clauses

List of tender words and phrases you can use while communicating,
corresponding or talking to your lady

 

I love you Ya tebya liubliu Я тебя люблю
My dear Daragaya maya Дорогая моя
My angel Anghel moy Ангел мой
I can't live without you Ne magu zhit bez tebya Не могу жить без тебя
I need you so much Ty mnie ochen nuzhna Ты мне очень нужна
I can't live without you Ya nye mogu zhit bez tebiya Я не могу жить без тебя
You are so beautiful Ty takaya krasivaya Ты такая красивая
Will you marry me? Ty viydesh za meniya Ты выйдешь за меня?
I love you with all my heart Ya liubliu tebya vsiem serdtsem Я люблю тебя всем сердцем
I hope you are feeling well Nadeiyus ty sebiya kharasho chuvstvuyesh Надеюсь, ты себя хорошо чувствуешь
My baby Moy malysh Мой малыш
I fell in love with you at first sight Ya vliubilsya v tebiya s pervovo vzgliada Я влюбился в тебя с первого взгляда
I want you to be my wife Khachu shtoby ty stala mayey zhenoy Хочу, чтобы ты стала моей женой.
How is everything? Kak dzela? Как дела?
You are my love forever Ty maya liubov na vsiyu zhizn Ты - моя любовь на всю жизнь
My little angel Moy anghelochik Мой ангелочек
Fine, and how are you? Kharasho a kak ty? Хорошо, а как ты?
There's no borders for my love Moya liubov ne znayet granits Моя любовь не знает границ
Let's get married. Davay pazheniyamsya Давай поженимся
You are so understanding Ty takaya panimayusheya Ты такая понимающая
With love S liuboviyu С любовью
See you soon Da vstrechi До встречи
Love overcomes everything Liubov vsio preodoleyet Любовь всё преодолеет
You are so tender Ty takaya nezhnaya Ты такая нежная
I love you very much and ask you to be my wife. Ya ochen liyubliu tebya i prashu stat mayey zhenoy Я очень люблю тебя и прошу стать моей женой
Give my regards to.. Peredavay privet ... Передавай привет..
My love is stronger day by day Ya liubliu tebya s kazhdym dniom vsio bolshe Я люблю тебя с каждым днём всё больше
You are so pretty Ty takaya privlekatelnaya Ты такая привлекательная
I hope to see you soon Nadeyus vskore vstretitsa s taboy Надеюсь вскоре встретиться с тобой
All I need is your love Vsio chto mnie nada eta tvoya liubov Всё, что мне нужно это твоя любовь
All I want is you were my wife Vsio shto ya khachu shtoby ty stala mayey zhenoy Всё чего я хочу - чтобы ты стала моей женой.
Are you OK?

Ty v pariyadke?

Ты в порядке?
I'll call you later Ya pazvaniyu tebe pozdneye Я позвоню тебе позднее
I will always love you Ya budu vsegda liubits tebya Я буду всегда любить тебя
You are so cute Ty takaya prelestnaya Ты такая прелестная
Be my wife Budz moyey zhenoy Будь моей женою
Take care Beregi sebiya береги себя
You are so sweet Ty takaya milaya Ты такая милая
Write to me Pishy Пиши
See you Uvidemsya Увидимся
I must be going Mniye nada idtsi Мне надо идти
I dream about the day when we'll be one family Ya mechtayu a tom dne kagda my staniem adnoy semyoy Я мечтаю о том дне, когда мы станем одной семьёй
You are so unusual Ty takaya neobychnaya Ты такая необычная
Marry me Vyidi za menya zamuzh Выйди за меня замуж
I think about you all the time Ya vsio vremiya dumayu o tsebiye Я все время думаю о тебе
Good bye Da svedaniye До свидания
Am I speaking fast? Ya btstra gavaiyu? Я быстро говорю?
You are so honest Ty takaya chesnaya Ты такая честная
I feel close to you always Ya vsegda s taboy riadym Я всегда с тобой рядом
You are so kind Ty takaya dobraya Ты такая добрая
I want we always be together Davay proydiom po zhyzni vmeste Давай пройдём по жизни вместе
I understand every word you say Ya panimayu kazhdoye vashe slova Я понимаю каждое ваше слово
I want so badly we had a real family Ya tak khochu chtoby u nas byla nastoyuashaya semiya Я так хочу, чтобы у нас была настоящая семья
You are so open Ty takaya atkrytaya Ты такая открытая
Speak louder, please Gavarite pazhaluysta gromche Говорите, пожалуйста, громче
Darling Miyubimya Любимая
Please, say it again Pavtarite pazhaluysta Повторите, пожалуйста
We don't need an interpreter Nam ne nuzhen perevodchik Нам не нужен переводчик
Remember I'm always next to you Pomni ya vsegda riyadym Помни я всегда рядом
Let's start a real family Davay sazdadim nastayasheyu simyu Давай создадим настоящую семью
Kitten Kationok Котёнок
Finally I want to tell you this: Ya nakanets khachu skazat tebiye eta: Я наконец хочу сказать тебе это:
I want so much you married me Ya tak silna zhelaiyu shtoby ty vyshla za meniya Я так сильно желаю чтобы ты вышла за меня
Your picture makes my heart melt Mayo serdtse tayet kagda ya smatriyu na tvayi fatagrafii Мое сердце тает когда я смотрю на твой фотографии
We love each other so much My tak liyubim drug druga Мы так любим друг друга
Dear (for woman) Daragaya Дорогая
I love you so much Ya tak liyublyu tsebiya Я так люблю тебя
You drive me crazy Ya skhazhu pa tsebe s uma Я схожу по тебе с ума
I dreamt about this day all my life Ya michtal ob etom dnie vsiyu svaiyu zhizn Я мечтал об этом дне всю свою жизнь
You are my destiny Tu maya sudzba Ты моя судьба
Sweetheart Milaya Милая
You have a wonderful sense of humor U tsebya atlichnoye chuvstvo yumora У тебя отличное чувство юмора
Cutie Krasavitsa Красавица
All I do is just for you Vsio shto ya dzelayu lish dliya tsebiya adnoy Всё, что я делаю лишь для тебя одной
Believe me Paver mnye Поверь мне
Sweetie Sladkaya Сладкая
Say that you love me Skazhy shto liyubish meniya Скажи, что любишь меня
You are so gifted Ty takaya odarionnaya Ты такая одарённая
Sunshine Solnyshko Солнышко
Never in my life I felt myself so good Mne nikagda v zhizne ne byla tak kharasho Мне никогда в жизни не было так хорошо
Princess Printsessa Принцесса
You became everything for me Ty stala dliy aminy avsiom Ты стала для меня всем
I thank God that I met you Ya blagadariyu boga shto vstretil tebiya Я благодарю Бога, что встретил тебя
You make my life worth living Ty dzelayesh mayu zhizn prikrasnoy Ты делаешь мою жизнь прекрасной

 

Useful words and phrases

Hello Zdravstvuyti (formal) Здравствуйте
Hi Privet (informal) Привет
Thank you Spasibo or Spasiba Спасибо
Thank you very much Большое спасибо Bolshoye spasiba
Not at all Ne za chto Не за что
Good morning Dobroe utra Доброе утро
Good evening Dobriy vecher Добрый вечер
Good night Spokoynoy nochi Спокойной ночи
Yes Da Да
No Niet Нет
Please Pozhaluysta Пожалуйста
Goodbye Da svidaniya До свидания
Bye Paka Пока
Excuse me Prostite Простите
I am sorry Izvinite (can be also used to get someone’s attention) Извините
OK/Good Khorosho or Kharasho Хорошо
Do you speak English? Vy gavarite po Angliyski? (formal)
Ty gavarish po Angkiski? (informal)
Вы говорите по Английски?
Ты говориш по Английски?
Do you speak Russian? Vy gavarite po Russki? Вы говорите по Русски?
I don't speak Russian Ya ne gavariyu po Ruski Я не говорю по Русски
I do not understand Ya ne panimayu Я не понимаю
I don't speak Russian very good Ya ne ochen khorosho gavariyu po Ruski Я не очень хорошо говорю по Русски
I'm sorry, I didn't quite catch what you said Prastite ya ne savsem ponyal shto vy skazali Простите я не совсем понял, что вы сказали
I love you Ya tebya lyblyu Я тебя люблю
I like you Ty mne nravishsya (Vy mne nravites) Ты мне нравишься (Вы мне нравитесь)
What is your name? Kak vas zavut? Как Вас зовут?
My name is Jeff Menya zavut Dzheff Меня зовут Джефф
How old are you? Skolko tebe (Vam) let? Сколько тебе (Вам) лет?
How much (does it cost)? Skolka eta stoyit? Сколько это стоит?
Just a moment Minutychku Минуточку
Cheers (when drinking) Za zdoroviye За здоровье
I would like a beer please Piva, pozhaluysta Пиво, пожалуйста
Do you have a menu in English? U vas est menyu na angliyskom У вас есть меню на английском?
Where are you from? Atkuda vy? Откуда Вы?
Let's go Poydem(te) Пойдем(те)
Today Sevodnya (Russian g is pronanouced as v) Сегодня
Tomorrow Zavtra Завтра
Yesterday Vchera Вчера
Good luck Udachi Удачи
Please speak more slowly Vy ne mogli by gavarit pomedlenneye Вы не могли бы говорить помедленнее?
Translate it Pirividitse Переведите
Happy birthday S dniom rozhdeniya С днём рождения
Merry Christmas S rozhdestvom С Рождеством
Happy new year S novym godom С Новым Годом
Please write it down Zapishite pozhaluysta Запишите, пожалуйста
I'm Sorry! (if you don't hear something) Prastite kak vy skazali? Простите меня, как Вы сказали?
I Don't Know! Ya ne znayu Я не знаю
How Do You Say (Please) In Russian? Kak skazat (please) pa ruski Как сказать (please) по русски?
I don't know Ya ne znayu Я не знаю
May I speak to Elena? Mozhna pagavarit s Yelenoy? Можно поговорить с Еленой?
I can't follow you Ya ne panimayu vas Я не понимаю вас
Is Elena at home? Yelena doma? Елена дома?
Will you give me her number? Dayti mnie yeyo nomer tselefona Дайте мне её номер телефона
I don't get it Ne poniyal Не понял
Whom am I talking to? S kem ya gavariyu? С кем я говорю?
What is your phone number? Kakoy u vas nomer? Какой у вас номер?
I can't remember how it's called Ya ne magy vspomnits, kak eta nazyvayetsa Я не могу вспомнить, как это называется
Hello, Elena please Zdravstvuyte, Yelenu pazhaluysta Здравствуйте, Елену пожалуйста
Who is speaking? Kto gavarit? Кто говорит?
Will you give me the code of Moscow? Dayti kod Maskvy Дайте код Москвы
I'm sorry, what did you say? Prastite, shto vy skazali? Простите, что вы сказали?
Sorry, wrong number Izviniti, vy ashyblis Извините, вы ошиблись
Is that Natasha? Eta Natasha? Это Наташа?
I understand you quite well Da, ya vas kharasho panimayu Да, я вас хорошо понимаю
I'd like to speak to Olga Ya by khatel pagavarit s Olgyiy Я бы хотел поговорить с Ольгой
I see Paniyatna Понятно
Is she there? Ana tam? Она там?
I understand every word you say Ya panimayu kazhdoe vashe slovo Я понимаю каждое ваше слово
Just a minute Minutku Минутку
What are you doing? Shto ty dzelayesh? Что ты делаешь?
 can't hear you very well Ya vas plokha slyshu Я вас плохо слышу
Are you going any where? Kuda nebudz sabirayeshsiya Куда нибудь собираешься?
Depend on me Palazhys na meniya Положись на меня
It's me again Eta apats ya Это опять я
Tell her Jeff called Peredaytsi yey shto zvanil Dzheff Передайте ей, что звонил Джефф
Everything is under control Vsio pad kantrolem Всё под контролем
I'm sorry, she is out Zhal yeyo net Жаль, её нет
Sorry to have troubled you Prastisitsi shto ya vas pabespakoyel Простите, что я вас побеспокоил
Trust me Daversiya mne Доверься мне
I'll call again Ya perezvaniyu Я перезвоню
I'll do everything I can Ya sdelayu vsiyo shto smagu Я сделаю всё, что смогу
When should I call again? Kagda mne perezvanits? Когда мне перезвонить?
How are things? Kak dzela? Как дела?
I believe in you Ya veriyu v tebiya Я верю в тебя
How is your family? Kak semiya? Как семья?
Fine, thanks Prikrasna, spasiba Прекрасно, спасибо
You are not alone Ty ne adna? Ты не одна
How is your mother? Kak tvaya mama? Как твоя мама?
Very well Ochen kharasho Очень хорошо
It's normal Eta narmalna? Это нормально
Are you O.K.? U tebiya vsio v paraiyadki? У тебя всё в порядке?
Not so good ne ochen kharasho Не очень хорошо
I am busy Ya zaniyat Я занят
And you? A ty? А ты?
I am happy for you Rad za tebiya Рад за тебя
I am sorry to hear that. Zhal Жаль
Help Pamagite Помогите

 

Pronouns / Interrogative Pronouns in Russian

I Ya Я
You (singular) Ty (familiar) Vy (formal) Ты (Вы)
He On Он
She Ona Она
It (it is) Ono (Ato) Оно (Это)
We Mi Мы
You (plural) Vi Вы
They Oni Они

 

Where? Gde Где
When? Kagda Когда
Who? Kto Кто
What? Shto Что
Which? Kakoy (kakaya, kakoye) Какой (Какая, какое)
How? Kak Как
How many (much)? Skolka Сколько
Why? Pachemu Почему
What for? Zachem? / dlya chevo? Зачем / Для чего?


Travel words and phrases

Map Karta Карта
Tourist Information Informatsiya dliya turistov Информация для туристов
Ticket Bilet Билет
One ticket to Adin billet do Один билет до
Train Poezd Поезд
Train station Zheleznodorozhniy vogzal Железнодорожный вокзал
Bus Avtobus Автобус
Bus station Avtovokzal Автовокзал
Bus stop Avtobusnaya astanovka Автобусная остановка
Metro, Subway Metro Метро
Departure Otpravleniye Отправление
Arrival Pribytiye Прибытие
Departure (airplane) Otlet Отлет
Arrival (airplane) Posadka Посадка
Airport Aeroport Аэропорт
Plane Samolyot Самолет
Hotel Gostinitsa Гостиница
Room Komnata Комната
No vacancies Svobodnykh nomerov net Свободных номеров нет
Passport Pasport Паспорт
Quickly Bystro Быстро
Slowly Medlenno Медленно
Interesting Interesno Интересно
Post office Pochta Почта
Bank Bank Банк
Pharmacy, Chemists Apteka Аптека
Hospital Balnitsa Больница
Restaurant Restaran Ресторан
Store, Shop Magazin Магазин
Street Ulitsa Улица
Square Ploshad Площадь
River Reka Река
Sea More Море
Bridge Most Мост


Numbers

One

Adin

Один

Two

Dva

Два

Three

Tri

Три

Four

Chetyre

Четыре

Five

Pyats

Пять

Six

Shest

Шесть

Seven

Sem

Семь

Eight

Vosem

Восемь

Nine

Devyadz

Девять

Ten

Desyats

Десять

Twenty

Dvadtsats

Двадцать

Fifty

Pyatdesyat

Пятьдесят

One hundred (gramms)

Sto gramm

Сто грамм

 
Directions

Right

Naprava

Направо

Left

Naleva

Налево

Straight

Pryama

Прямо

Up

Vverkh

Вверх

Down

Vniz

Вниз

Near

Blizka

Близко

Far

Daleko

Далеко

Short

Korotkiy (korotkaya, korotkoe)

Короткий (короткая, короткое)

Long

Dlinniy (dlinnaya, dlinnoye)

Длинный (Длинная, Длинное)

There

Tam

Там

Here

Tut

Тут

Under

Pad

Под

On

Na

На

In

V

В

 

Words you might see in a city

Entrance Vkhod Вход
Exit Vykhod Выход
Emergency exit Zapasnoy Vykhod Запасной выход
Push Ot sebya От себя
Pull Na sebya На себя
WC / Toilet Yualet Туалет
Gentlemen Muzhchiny М / Мужчины
Ladies Zhenshiny Ж / Женщины
Vacant Svobodna Свободно
Engaged Zanyato Занято
No smoking Ne kurit Не курить
No entry Vkhod vospreshion Вход воспрещен


Weekdays

Monday Ponedelnik Понедельник
Tuesday Vtornik Вторник
Wednesday Sreda Среда
Thursday Chetverg Четверг
Friday Pyatnitsa Пятница
Saturday Subota Суббота
Sunday Voskreseniye Воскресенье


Asking how someone is

how are you? (informal) Kak ty как ты?
how's life? (informal) Kak zhyzn как жизнь?
I'm fine, thanks Khorosho, spasiba Хорошо, спасибо
I'm OK, thanks Narmalna, spasiba нормально, спасибо
Not bad, thanks Neplokha, spasiba неплохо, спасибо
Not very well Ne ochen kharasho не очень хорошо

 

Russian language is the most popular language of Eurasia and the most mostly spoken of the Slavic languages. Russian is an Eastern Slavonic language closely related to Ukrainian and Belarusian with about 277 million speakers mainly in Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Kazakhstan and Belarus. It is also spoken in Latvia, Lithuania, Estonian, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Finland, Mongolia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Israel, Afghanistan, the USA, Canada and a number of countries. Russian is the 7th most spoken language in the world by number of native speakers and the 4th by total number of speakers. In Russia, Cyrillic was first written in the early Middle Ages in clear-cut, legible ustav (large letters). Later a succession of cursive forms developed. In the early eighteenth century, under Peter the Great, the forms of letters were simplified and regularized, with some appropriate only to Greek being removed. Further unnecessary letters were expunged in 1918, leaving the alphabet as it is today. Russian language is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. The earliest known writing in Russia dates from the 10th century and was found at Novgorod. The main languages written on them in an early version of the Cyrillic alphabet were Old Russian and Old Church Slavonic. There are also some texts in Finnish, Latin and Greek. Russian started appearing in writing regularly during the reign of Peter the Great (a.k.a. Peter I) (1672-1725) who introduced a revised alphabet and encouraged authors to use a literary style closer to their spoken language. The dialect of Moscow was used as the basis for written Russian. Russian literature started to flower during the 19th century when Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Gogol and Pushkin were active. During the Soviet era knowledge of the Russian language was wide spread though the subjects authors could write about were restricted. Much of what we know about the origins of the Russian language is rooted in the efforts of historians and linguists to delve into the mystery of the past. Sometime around 3500 to 2500 BC the people who spoke the language known as Indo-European began gradually to form dialect communities and separate from each other. The principles of word-formation, literary style, and, to some extent, inflexions and basic vocabulary, of Russian have been influenced by Church Slavonic, a developed and partly adopted form of the South Slavic Old Church Slavonic language used by the Russian Orthodox Church. As the Indo-European tribes moved "to the West and to the East . . . the Slavic tribes became separated from the mass of other tribes and developed their own language, which is called Common-Slavonic or Proto-Slavonic" (Sokolsky 19). These tribes settled in the heart of present-day eastern Europe and continued to use mutually intelligible dialectal forms for centuries. Despite leveling after 1900, especially in matters of vocabulary, a large number of dialects exists in Russia. Some linguists divide the dialects of the Russian language into two primary regional groupings, "Northern" and "Southern," with Moscow lying on the zone of transition between the two. Others divide the language into three groupings, Northern, Central and Southern, with Moscow lying in the Central region. Dialectology within Russia recognizes dozens of smaller-scale variants. So you are here to learn Russian! The first step to learning Russian is to learn the Russian alphabet. It may seem daunting to learn a new alphabet, but it is relatively easy. In fact, the great thing about Russian is that almost all words can be sounded out as they are written. Unlike English where the pronunciation of a word may not be clear from its written form. Russian also has one letter to one sound, unlike English where two letters often make one sound.

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